Functional Movement Screen (FMS) – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Functional Training Glossary

I. What is Functional Movement Screen (FMS)?

Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a tool used by fitness professionals to assess movement patterns and identify any imbalances or limitations in an individual’s functional movement. It is a series of tests that evaluate seven fundamental movement patterns, including squatting, lunging, bending, pushing, pulling, and rotating. The purpose of FMS is to pinpoint any weaknesses or asymmetries that may increase the risk of injury during physical activity.

II. Why is FMS important in functional training?

FMS is crucial in functional training because it provides valuable information about an individual’s movement quality and potential risk for injury. By identifying any movement dysfunctions through FMS, trainers can tailor their programs to address these issues and improve overall movement efficiency. This, in turn, can help prevent injuries and enhance performance in various physical activities.

III. How is FMS conducted?

FMS is typically conducted by a certified fitness professional who is trained in administering the tests accurately. The individual undergoing the assessment will perform a series of movements while the trainer observes and scores each pattern based on specific criteria. The results are then used to identify any movement deficiencies and create a personalized training plan to address these issues.

IV. What are the key components of FMS?

The key components of FMS include the seven fundamental movement patterns: deep squat, hurdle step, inline lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotary stability. Each pattern is scored on a scale of 0-3, with 3 indicating optimal movement quality and 0 indicating pain or inability to perform the movement. These scores help trainers pinpoint areas of weakness and develop targeted exercises to improve movement patterns.

V. How can FMS results be used to improve training programs?

FMS results can be used to customize training programs based on an individual’s specific movement deficiencies. By addressing these weaknesses through targeted exercises and corrective strategies, trainers can help improve movement quality, reduce the risk of injury, and enhance overall performance. Additionally, FMS results can be used to track progress over time and adjust training programs accordingly.

VI. What are the benefits of incorporating FMS into a training regimen?

Incorporating FMS into a training regimen offers numerous benefits for both trainers and clients. By identifying movement dysfunctions early on, trainers can design more effective and personalized programs that target specific areas of weakness. This not only helps prevent injuries but also improves movement efficiency, enhances performance, and promotes long-term physical health. Additionally, FMS provides a systematic approach to assessing movement quality, allowing trainers to track progress and make informed decisions about program adjustments. Overall, integrating FMS into a training regimen can lead to safer, more effective, and more individualized training experiences for clients.